International Comparative Work


Creativity and the Environment (CREN)


Thanks to the funding received from a internal research grant as well as the volunteer assistance of many members of our Research Group, Stage 1 of the Human Creativity Research Project involving a comparative analysis of Canadian and Norwegian’s children using the Torrance Test of Creative Thinking (TTCT) has been completed, and results have been disseminated to our participant schools.

In 2011 Canadian researchers in collaboration with partners at Telemark University College in Notodden, Norway administered the Torrance Test of Creative Thinking to students at six Norwegian schools. Stage two parent interviews are expected to take place in the fall of 2013 and spring 2014.

Brief Results

Significant results were found when comparing schools within-Ontario and within-Norway, but not across cultures. It was found that students attending rural schools in Ontario scored significantly higher on the TTCT than schools located in urban or small-city locations. Norwegian students living in urban areas obtained higher scores on the TTCT than those living in rural areas. Reasons for these differences are still under investigation.

Stage 2 of this research is currently underway, which consists of conducting interviews with parents at each of the previously-involved schools, and ongoing communication with our Norwegian partners.

Knowledge Mobilization

Results of this study were presented at the AERA conference in Vancouver in 2012, as well as at both Research Day and the Graduate Research Symposium. Two papers were presented at the MAKING NordFo conference in Norway which took place in September 2012. Further meetings on this project took place in the summer of 2013 in Norway.


Pedagogy, culture, and innovation: A comparative analysis of Canadian and Norwegian educational practices


Beginning in the summer of 2013, researchers in Canada and Finland began collecting Torrance Test results from students across Finland. In partnership with the University of Turku, we expect to have a comparable sample to that collected in Canada and Norway. Stage 2 data, comprised of parent interviews is expected to take place in the spring of 2014.